March 5, 2013
After posting such a long blog for They Got It All Wrong, I thought I would just share some quick statistics for this week’s post.
According to the latest figures made available by the Chinese Ministry of Civil Affairs in March 3, 2013:
- 690,000 – orphan population in China
- 397 – number of children welfare institutes that house orphans and abandoned children only
- 800 – number of social welfare institutes that care for both the homeless elders and orphans
- 109,000 – orphans residing in the government-run children or social welfare institutes
- 878 – number of private citizen groups (about 25%) and religious and non religious organizations (about 60%) that are involved in caring for the orphans and abandoned children
- 9,395 – number of orphaned cared by private citizen and religious or non-religious groups
The figures show that the government is only directly involved in caring for 1/6 of the total orphan population in China. The exact well-being and whereabouts of the remaining 5/6 is the Big Question and major concern.
Most of the 1197 government-run children and social welfare institutes are involved in domestic adoption to a certain degree, but less than half (about 500) work with China’s central authority, CCCWA, to place children for international adoption. Our agency, CCAI, has worked with and placed children from 402 orphanages in China.
There is no clear legal definition for “orphan” in China. According to the Adoption Law of China published in 1992, an orphan refers to, “a minor under the age of 14 who lost his or her parents.” In real practice, the definition of an orphan usually includes: abandoned children with no identifiable parents; children who have lost both parents or have lost contact with their parents; children with one surviving, but physically or emotionally unavailable or incapacitated parent; and children whose parents have been incarcerated for life.
Next post, I think I will talk about China’s changing opinion of a girl’s role in the family.